IPM - International Perforation Management
hi-tech engineering - Germany - Thailand - China
copyright Werner Grosse
patent download http://www.microperforation.com/englishengineerreport.html
IPM PORTFOLIO ENGLISH
IPM PORTFOLIO SPANISH
anti counterfeiting laser solution MLL-1
Outstanding Micro Cluster Production Technologies
MLL-1 anti piracy micro laser treatment line perforation real alternative for galvanometer or scanner, super-high speed rotate cone mirror, cluster micro technology for holes pattern, perforation design, waves, zigzag or packages lines, cryptograms, company logos, holograms, anti piracy, counterfeiting, security paper, safety, bank note, metal sticker, printing, laminating, coating, fruit, food, bread, vegetable, agriculture covering, credit cards, transparent film, holographic paper, cigarette, tipping, filter, aluminum foil, shrinkable film, tear tape, cardboard, matrix code, identification, RFID, tag, marking, scribing, jewelry, automotive, pharmacy, golf, marina, tobacco, smoking, chemical, medical, product, electronics part, indicator, porosity contours or profile, embossing, bioengineering, membrane, filtration, focus, holographic, hinge-lid, pack. Patent pending DE102004012081.
LPM-1 micro laser cluster perforator, material treatment at wide web, large area, surface or entire material cluster treatment, cutting, welding, drilling, ablation, cleaning, melding, high power, ultra high speed rotate quad or twin laser beam splitter, twin level vacuum multiplexer, up to 4 Kilowatt laser input, flexible hollow fibers, HGW, HCW, up to 200 output channels, Co2. Material treatment and robotic handling for stainless steel, ceramic, aluminum, wafer, gold, glass, silver, brass, copper, wafer, silicon, titanium, silicon, solar, panel, photovoltaic, micromachining, slitting, rewinding, refining machines or stand along systems. Micro cluster perforation for all kind of paper or specific plastic web material. Patent granted DE102004001327.
Nano Micro perforation or other material surface treatment electrostatic cluster perforation, micro perforator, for cigarette, tipping, filter, packaging, plug wrap, Kraft, cement, pet, powder, sack, bag, fine and other paper, silicon or other coating, certain plastic film, laminate, porosity from 80 up to 2,500 C.U., from 50 down to 4 Gurley, hole sizes from 50 nm up to 100 micron, hole densities from 80-260 h/cm2, zone widths from 2.0-6.0mm, up to 16,000,000 holes per Second, web speeds up to 600 m/min, web widths up to 2,000 mm. Patent granted DE10328937.
Twin AC/AC, AC/DC frequency shift converter high power high frequency, high voltage, ultra short mega peak current, electrostatic micro cluster perforation, ignition, sparking, arc, cigarette, tipping, filter, fine, packaging, paper, plug-wrap, sack, bag, Kraft, food, plastic film, foil, textile, fabrics or other product, switching converter, compressor, emergency, train, ship or vessel power supply, generator, fuel cell, upward, downward, frequency shift switching unit, stabilizer, soft starter, vector, phase, inverter, servo system, motion, stepping, machine, asynchronous, standard, motor, torque, automation, remote, gas, slab, laser, diode, stack, fiber, fibre optics, beam, material, hybrid, plug-in, battery, renewable, energy, medical equipment, membrane, filtration, robotic, photovoltaic, industrial automation, drives, IGBT, MOSFET, FRETFET, HVFET, tube, rf, hv. Patent granted DE10328937.
Online OPSS-1 porosity vision scanning control system permeability cluster control for electro static or laser micro perforation machines, multiple color sensor head, spectral intensity, DSP, FPGA, CCD, line, precise, laser, position, material finger print detection, VIS wave length, opacity, defects, inspection, image control, scanner systems, process software, line, camera, vision control, filter, tipping, cigarette, book, packaging, magazine, bible, wall, Kraft, paper, coffee, tea, food, co-extrusion foil, film, agriculture, cement, domestic or other moving fabrics or web material. Patent pending DE10251610, China patent grant 200310104764.
In-situ dyne or surface tension control ODSTM-1 at fast moving substrate, plastic, film, foil, tear tape, laminate, co-extrusion, BOPP, LLDPE, LDPE, PE, PP, PVC, MOV, MOH, FEP, PET, OPP, PTFE, MPET, spectral, extinction, monolithic, sensor, analyzing, Subangstrom, roughness, measurement, wavelength, wobbling, stray, light, beaming, water drop, angle, inspection, corona, plasma jet, laser, IR, NIR, scanning, monolithic spectrometer, photonics, spectral, properties, reflectometer, scatterometry, ellipsometry, opto, acoustic, basic, weight, techniques, corona, flam, gas treatment. Prior patent application DE19543289.
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Micro cluster perforation - archipelagos of technical possibilities
porosity vision and dyne surface tension control at fast moving material webs
PS-1200 wide web micro cluster perforation machine - download PS-1200
Micro cluster technologies - incredible applications
Web material as regenerated cellulose films, filter, cigarette, tipping, roll-your-own RYO paper, transparent, coated special, bag or packing papers, bonded fabrics, spun bonded non-woven, technical textiles, fabrics, laminate with base weights from 20 g/m2 to up to 150 g/m2, up to 20 g/m2 LPDE coating films, are perforated electro statically micro, or by laser (mechanical hot or micro needle) with micro or macro holes for wide range of application purposes.
Electrostatic MICRO PERFORATION, based at micro discharging and sparking, Bluemlein and Plasma Tunnel effects with gas atomic ionization in Nanosecond time windows.
The pores are statistically irregularly distributed with size ranges from 100 nm up to 80 μm diameter and analogically, under LASER or micro macro PERFORATION, arranged in diameter sizes from 60 up 200 μm, at best non-inclined holes und rows of holes of diverse arrangement comprehension.
For the human eye invisible electrostatic micro perforations may be arranged in areas as well as in zones with specific distances within its web. Controlled pore sizes in wide ranges from 100 nm to 80 µm diameters by holes sequences up to 16 million pores per second and 0.1 bis 3 mJ discharge energy for each Pore.
Arrangements of zones are usually carried out in width from 2 to 6 mm and pore density of 15 up to 250 pores per cm2 whereas the perforation of areas results in pore densities of up to 5 million pores per m2. ESP perforations allow porosity levels from 80 to 2500 C.U., web widths from 100 to 2000 mm at web speeds of up to 500 m/min, depending on porosity and material consistency in relation to its ability to perforate.
Conventional laser perforation
Possible to perforate by pulsed and focused laser beams are holes sizes from 60 to 200 micron at density of holes of typical 10 to 30 holes per cm length, holes sequences up to 400,000 holes per second at a maximum of 32 hole rows by laser distributed over the width of the web with traditional systems or machines on the market.
Porosity levels from 100 up to 3,000 C. U. by web width up to 500 mm at web speeds of up to 600 m/min are archive able, depending on porosity and material consistency in relation to its ability to perforate.
IPM laser perforation process
IPM owns development of LASER PERFORATION technology LPM-1, patent grant DE102004001327, operates with quad laser beam inputs of 8 Kilowatt optical power input (fast flow or SLAB laser with 10.6 micron wavelength) to an upper lower dual beam multiplexer to generate up to 200 individual laser perforation beams/rows/lines across the web, combines automatic laser perforation head positioning, focus setting, by web speeds up to 400 m/min, web width up to 2,000 mm, up to 4,000,000 holes per second. Each laser perforation lines are archive able from 100 up to 2,000 C.U.
Jumbo-roll-by-roll production, optical online porovision and simultaneous perforation line positioning control, full feed-back system for constant porosity levels are further features. Each laser perforated jumbo roll is ISO production data controlled, benefit and certificated.
Patent grand DE102004001327
Other industry areas
The conception of high power twin laser beam multiplexers enable many possibilities in other industry application fields as cutting, cut-offs, welding, surface finishing, drilling, polishing, forming, surface treatment, roughness improvement.
Each of the 200 single perforation head can be positioned in X directions across the running web or other laser treated material sheet, substrates, blocks etc.
The automatic processes, equipments and devises opening completely new possibilities in industry, science, military or space laser application. Patent grant of process and device with DE102004001327.
Further laser features
A patent pending Micro Laser Line perforation technology MLL-1 generates sinus, waves, zigzags or other kinds of perforations cryptograms, designs as multiple or quadruple pairs of micro laser lines in web direction. Hole, slot or star sizes in ranges from 60 up to 200 micron are possible. Provide for tipping, cigarette, packaging or other kind of paper, plastic film or other web material.
Special features of micro laser line perforation enables fundamental new product characteristic in scripts, e.g. for mouthpieces with tipping paper, CTP on cigarette filters, product indication with visible perforation holes, brand name, company logo, indications, anti counterfeiting designs, cryptogram, etc.
In addition for other industry, medical, science or military purposes, material and applications fields.
Ventilation of mass products
Electrostatic perforation has been used since 30 years for ventilation of non filter, RYO or filter cigarettes to create a directed and guided air bypass or Lindstroem principle. For this purpose, cigarette paper for some non filter or RYO cigarettes and almost every kind of filter cigarettes tipping papers are perforated electro statically OFFLINE in zones from 2.0 up to 6.0mm width or in rows with ONLINE or OFFLINE by use of slow, fast flow, sealed-off or SLAB CO2 gas or diode laser in order to reduce the harmful substances such as nicotine and condensate down to allowed values. Another effect is the possibility to control the degree of ventilation of Cigarettes.
Online micro perforation porosity profile
Many years ago IPM had developed a multiple online electrostatic micro perforation OESP-1 units at cigarette making machines which was patent applied with EP0460369 and DE4018209.
That electrostatic micro perforation process enables cigarette or tipping paper while cigarette making processes to reduce nicotine and condensate levels for non-filter and filter cigarettes as well.
The OESP-1 devices opens fully new possibilities for cigarette or tipping paper ventilation during cigarette manufacturing by entire perforation cassettes integration into cigarette making machines as Max-S, Protos 80, 90, MK9 etc.
The method and the device for electro erosive perforation of cigarette paper basically operates with at least two pairs of electrodes which are ignited at the same time in such a manner that each perforation section is treated twice in order to provide a corresponding intensity of perforation, taking into consideration the duration of ignition and the web speed. In particular, the invention operates with at least four pairs of electrodes, between which the web of cigarette paper to be perforated is moved through.
The cigarette paper is moved in the longitudinal direction of the cigarette to be produced later, the width corresponding to the circumference of the cigarette plus an overlap section for bonding. Perforating is carried out transversely to the direction of movement, that is to say an accurately defined zone section is produced around the circumference of the cigarette.
The pairs of electrodes are arranged at a distance which corresponds to half the cigarette length (a, b, c) when four pairs of electrodes are used. The first and the third pair of electrodes are ignited simultaneously. A distance-dependent control causes the second and fourth pair of electrodes also to be ignited simultaneously when the previously perforated sections have traveled the distance of half a cigarette length.
Each section is perforated four times, the speed at which the web can be moved being determined not by the spacing (half a cigarette length) of the pairs of electrodes but by the spacing of the pairs of electrodes in each case simultaneously ignited (one cigarette length).
This provides for uniform, intensive and very powerful perforation and the cigarette paper treated can be continuously supplied to the cigarette machine for further processing in the longitudinal direction of the cigarette.
Small all-over-dimensions, direct mechanical integration of perforation units, easy functional interfacing and full EMI acceptance in order of EN or NEC standards archiving high production efficiencies with controllable ventilation grades on highly automated cigarette making machines.
Patented, powerful, dual switching, high frequency switching electronics and multiple perforation performances of the circumference of each cigarette, allows problem less perforation on high-speed cigarette making machines up to 12,000 cpm.
Liability and system investment
The ESP process OESP-1 has a high liability and is realizable with low investments and low running costs when compared with on-line macro or micro laser perforation processes. An online porosity control system OPSS-1 monitor continuously the air permeability, called optical online porovision or porosimeter, with a state-of-the-art technology to obtain a close-loop feed-back to the perforation unit to keep ventilation grades constant.
IPM - ONLINE LASER PERFORATION with patent granted high speed multiplexer DE102004001327
A – laser source and IPM patent grand multiplexer with 8 optical channels
B – bobbin unwinder and perforation heads
C – tipping paper strips with 8 laser perforation lines
further information on request
Conclusion: Online micro perforation processes are possible to use for other mass products and application fields with full system integration in entire production lines as bag, sack, packaging manufacturing etc.
Product properties with electrostatic perforation
One of the foremost postulation which can be applied to many application purposes and products containing bonded fabrics, bag or packaging papers, non-woven, etc. with gas or steam permeability but water impermeability.
Further substrates or micro engineered membranes for micro filtration, fractionation, nanopattering, nanomembranes, nanophotonics, microbiology, catalysis, gas, alcohol, liquid or blood separation, battery separator foils or others are possible with ELECTROSTATIC NANO MICRO PERFORATION TECHNOLOGY, depends of material structures and perforability.
Which means pore sizes from 10 nm up to 10 µm diameter by up to 5 Million pores per m2. This is due to the water’s greater surface tension as dynes level and hydrophobic property or wetability through the relatively small sizes of nano or micro pores. These and other advantages of the pores necessarily demand the application of the ESP perforation method because alternative perforation or processes are physically NOT feasible, too expensive or simply uneconomical and would not allow successful product applications.
To archive new nano or micro perforation demands IPM developed power electronics perforation units which working as upward converters with IGBT, BJT, MOSFETS, FRETFET or HVFET for ultra short power pulses from 10 ns up to 20 µs, high current peaks up to 300 Amps, base frequencies up to 200 KHz on plug-in ferrite transformers to generate 50 Kilovolt to each sparking electrode. Patent grant DE10328937 for power electronics.
Optical online OPSS-1 porosity permeability sensor scanner system for high speed material webs
Patent pending DE102516103 DE10251610
China patent grant 200310104764
Sophisticated, multi functional, optical online sensor systems
IPM has developed a number of new, patent pending, stationary, scanning optical control processes, devices and systems for fast moving webs or fabrics to detect very precise and reproduce their specified product properties in online operation during production.
OPSS-1 OPRL-1 vision control systems are equipped with multiple IR, NIR, VIS monolithic spectral color sensors, precision line lasers, CCD imagine devices, DSP, ATMEL and INFINEON sensor internal controllers, own firmware, high speed data link, at scanning speeds from 20 up to 500mm per second, at web widths up to 5,000 mm, measuring gaps from 2.0 up to 5.0mm, optical inline detection of permeability, porosity, spectral transmission, opacity, extinction, particle absorption, porosities ranges from 80 up to 5,000 C.U. (Coresta), respective from 50 down to 3 Gurley, position control of micro perforation lines with 0.1 mm accuracy, micro pores from 50 nm up to 200 micron diameter by up to 300 pores per cm2. With real time data determining of certain parameters, optical transmission, spectral grades, porosity integrals, envelope curves, internal calculated measuring values.
Thus direct with close loops and feedbacks to the power electronics of fabrics treatment units. Micro perforation or other system makes it possible to compensate any changes in web treatment parameters and their partial locations so that each jumbo roll as well single, quad bobbin sets can be produced quantity and quality controlled without intermediate stops in order of ISO 9001/9002 certifications.
Thus sophisticate, precise, liable, repeat accuracy, easy visualized, optical online measurement techniques archives perfect ways to control and convert pneumatic, fluid, gas, jet streams, static permeability, naturally porous grades, filtration levels, breathable or ventilation effects, etc. at fast moving webs. Their conditions can be easily met by using optical transmission technology thanks to described processing in fully online stationary or scanning control units, extremely small pore dimensions, high fabric speeds up to 1,000 m/min by high repetition rates. That completely independent from base material properties as consistency, coloring, density, formation, pin holes, smoothness, stretching, shrinking, brightness, opacity, optical spectral property, gauging thickness weight, moisture content and other known influences.
The electrostatic micro perforation, including Co2 slab fiber yag excimer diode laser, other material going trough or surface treatment, as well for micromachining and nanotechnology, is usually used depending on quality at fine, rotogravure or offset printing, holographic or publishing paper, writing, magazine, newspaper, packaging, bonded fabrics, non-woven, filter, coffee, tea, bag, sack, craft, food, fresh fruit, force, reinforce, tipping, cigarette, plug wrap, fiber, facial tissues, toilet, decoration, wallpaper, gift, watermark, towels, bleached dyes shiny or clay, recycling, booklet, bible or other special paper, certain plastic films, foils, coating, laminating, extruding, Polyofine, Polysulfone, Elastomer, textile, Polymer or most of that varied types.
It is also used especially for additionally treating materials when aiming special characteristics by physical or regular process reasons cannot be achieved by other process technologies. Material base weights from 10 up 150 grams per m2 by thickness from 5 up to 100 micron are possible to use. Including defect inspection, process automation, moisture vapor transmission rate, abrasion resistance for lamination of waterproof and breathable fabrics.
Our state-of-the-art, industrially approved, sophisticated, compact, multi functional, optical online sensor scanning systems together or without electrostatic, laser perforation technology operates precise and reliable 24/7, are integrate able into existing rewinding, slitting, spooling, spreading, printing, labeling, complex production lines or other machines and other production processes as well. Also, they can be used as completely independent micro surface-all-over or zone perforation units.
Fully new ranges of applications will be made available total new products with special features.
Specific information by below website links and patent resources.
OPSS-1 inline porosity vision control - download OPSS-1
OPSS-1-B print inspection with hi-speed camera scanner on QUAD bobbins at laser perforators
Print inspection – tipping paper – quad bobbins
Patent applied in Germany and P.R. of China
Sophisticated multi functional permeability sensor systems
Patent pending DE10251610 and patent granted in China 200310104764. Stationary or scanner systems for speed fabrics or sheet material to detects very precise and reproduce specified product properties, natural or micro perforated porosity levels during production. OPSS-1 OPRL-1 vision control systems are equipped with multiple IR, NIR, VIS monolithic spectral color sensors, precision line lasers, CCD image devices, DSP, ATMEL, INFINEON sensor internal controller, firmware, fast serial data link, scanning speeds 20-500 mm per second, web widths up to 5,000 mm, measuring gaps from 2.0-5.0 mm, optical inline detection of permeability, porosity, spectral transmission, opacity, extinction, particle absorption, porosities ranges 80-5,000 C.U. respective from 50 down to 3 Gurley, position control of micro perforation lines with 0.1mm accuracy, 0.50-200 microns pore diameter by up to 300 pores per cm2.
With real time data determining of certain parameters, optical transmission, spectral grades, porosity integrals, envelope curves, internal calculated measuring values. Thus direct with close loops and feedback to power electronics of fabrics treatment units. Micro perforation or other treatment system makes it possible to compensate any changes in web treatment parameters and their partial locations so that each jumbo roll as well single, twin or quad bobbin sets can be produced quantity and quality controlled without intermediate stops in order of ISO9001/9002 certifications.
Working principle and application
Thus sophisticate, precise, liable, repeat accuracy, easy visualized, optical online measurement techniques archives perfect ways to control and convert pneumatic, fluid, gas, jet streams, static permeability, naturally porous grades, filtration levels, breathable or ventilation effects. Their conditions can be easily met by using optical transmission technology thanks to described processing in full online stationary or scanning control units, extremely small pore dimensions, high fabric speeds up to 1,000 meters per minute by high repetition rates. That completely independent from base material properties as consistency, coloring, density, formation, pin holes, smoothness, stretching, shrinking, brightness, opacity, spectral property, gauging thickness weight, moisture content, other known influences.
Optical online OPSS-1 porosity sensor scanning systems for permeability cluster control at electrostatic or laser micro perforation machines, with multiple color sensor head, spectral intensity, DSP, FPGA, CCD, precise line laser, position, material finger print detection, VIS wavelength, touch less measure of opacity, defects, inspection, combines controller internal firm and further PC process software.
Uses for filter, tipping, cigarette, booklet, packaging, magazine, newspaper, media, bible, wall, decoration, Kraft, sack, filter, paper, coffee, tea, food, co-extrusion, foil, film, agriculture, cement, maize, rise, pet, domestic or other fast moving web material.
· tipping paper web speed max. 480 m/min = 8.000 mm/sec.
· printed register field across web : X max. 64 mm
· printed register field down web : Y = 25 mm
· OPSS-1-B scanner speed – e.g. A = 200 mm/sec
· camera scanner speed – e.g. B = 600 mm/sec.
· position accuracy of OPSS-1-B scanner : +/- 50 µm with ASM sensor
· OPSS-1-B scanning stroke approx. 300 mm
· local resolution at printed field = 100 µm
· suggested pixel sensor (double pixel calculation)
· X = 2*(64mm/0.1mm) = 1280 pixel
· Y = 2*(25mm/0.1mm) = 640 pixel
maximal capture rate : cap = speed/Y-field = 8.000 mm/sec/25 mm = 325 capture/sec.
inspect with step 1 bobbin A : (Δt0 --- t1)*cap = 0.32s*325 capt/sec. = 104 captures while web running
inspect with step 2 bobbin C : (Δt3 --- t2)*cap = 0.32s*325 capt/sec. = 104 captures while web running
inspect with step 3 bobbin D : (Δt3 --- t4)*cap = 0.32s*325capt/sec. = 104 captures while web running
inspect with step 4 bobbin B : (Δt1 --- t2)*cap = 0.32s*325 capt/sec. = 104 captures while web running
(Δt0 --- t1) = (Δt1 --- t2) = (Δt2 --- t3) = (Δt3 --- t4)
full scan OPSS-1-B : 2*(∑t1, t2, t3, t4) = 1280*2= 2560 ms = 2.56 sec.
by (2.56 sec.*8 m/sec) 20.5 meters printed tipping paper by full scan
∑ captures : (step1+step2+step3+step4) = 4*104 captures = 404 captures
Continuous inspect length by bobbin A, B, C, D: speed*inspecting = 8.000 mm/sec*0.32 sec = 2.6 meter
Continuous inspect printing length of each bobbin strip : 2.6 meters with 104 captures
each of 25 mm single printed fields by 8 m/sec. speed
PS-250-4 high speed quad bobbin perforation machine - download PS-250-4
The electrostatic micro perforation usually applies within ranges of the refinement of fine paper, packaging webs, bonded fabrics, non woven, filter, bag or paper alternative material webs of most diverse kind especially when additionally or traditionally treating processes can not achieving the high require characteristics for physical, process or economical reasons.
Our highly modern, industrially approved electrostatic perforation technology which relied 24/7 operation can be integrated into existing rewinding, slitting, refining machines as well in entire production lines. Also, they can be used as completely independent perforation processes or machines.
New ranges of applications will be made accessible as new NANO MICRO product properties with special features will be developed.
Actual press release: Micro-perforation of running webs
02/2008 - Flexo & Gravure Asia 1-2008 http://www.flexo.de/download/fga/1-2008/Inhalt_FGA_1_2008.pdf
08/2011 - TJI micro-ventilation for mass-products tji0311.pdf
High power laser multiplexer for industry applications as well for wide web high speed micro perforation machines LPM-1 with tipping, packaging paper, non-woven, spun bonded, textile, plastic films or other material substrates
Patent grant DE102004001327
Patent download http://www.microperforation.com/englishengineerreport.html
IPM’s wide web laser perforation technology LPM-1
IPM owns development of LASER PERFORATION technology LPM-1 is patent grant by DE102004001327 and operates with quadruple beam inputs up to 8 Kilowatt to a high power Co2 laser beam multiplexer to generate up to 200 individual laser perforation rows across the web, combines automatic positioned laser perforation heads, focus setting, web speeds up to 400 m/min, web widths up to 2,000mm, up to 2,000,000 holes per second, jumbo-roll-by-roll production, optical online permeability/perforation line positioning control, porosity feedback, high automation grad and other features. Each laser perforation lines are archive able from 100 up to 1,000 C.U.
Base conception of dual laser beam multiplexer and other industry applications
The conception of high power laser beam multiplexers enable many possibilities in other industry application fields as cutting, cut-offs, welding, surface finishing, drilling, polishing, forming, surface treatment, roughness improvement, etc.
Each of the 200 single perforation head can be positioned across the running web or static positioned material. The automatic processes, equipments and devises opening completely new possibilities in industry, science, military or space laser application.
Highly automated motor/robotic adjustable/driven focusing optics for/one each perforation head allow a PLC controlled and precise positioning across the web/sheet material. The procedure looks like as full automatic controlled knife setting system on a slitting machine.
That state-of-the-art automatic procedure and their devices open now fully new industry challenges in wide web laser perforation and many other application fields.
Hollow wave guides HCW HWG
In using of new Co2 hollow wave guide fibres, one rotary cubic element, or two quadruple beam splitters, or high speed polygon facet wheel into the centre of the optical high power twin multiplexer generating as industrial suited up to 200 optical single channel outputs. Between the laser perforation section and rewind stand is the optical online porosity scanning system OPSS-1 located which controlled very precise each laser line position, the holes qualities, holes quantities as well all porosity levels of the fast running material web.
LPM-1 paper perforation
A new high power Laser multiplexer for wave lengths up to 10.6 micron allows by four main beam inputs up to 200 single beam outputs, up to 6 laser rows on one each bobbin, automatic laser line positioning and setting, by two 4 Kilowatt Laser beam sources, web speeds up to 400 m/min, web widths up to 2,000 mm, jumbo roll-by-roll and fully automatic production, up to 20 bobbins in one cut which means up to 160 bobbins without any machine stops including the optical OPSS-1 porosity scanning and feed-back control system.
Anti piracy product design with laser cluster - ultra high speed for Co2 laser beam control
Patent pending DE102004012081 DE102004012081
Micro laser perforation
Laser perforation in general, possible to perforate by pulsed or enlarged and focused laser beams are holes sizes from 60 to 200 micron at holes densities of typical 10 to 30 holes per cm, holes sequences from 100,000 to 400,000 holes per second at maximal 16 punctured laser rows, register distribute cross material web width with traditional systems or machines. Means for cigarette, tipping, plug wrap, filter, packaging, pack, tear tape, plastic and other material. With porosity levels from 100 up to 3,000 C. U., normally in web widths from 100 to 500mm at web speeds of up to 600 m/min, depending on porosity and material consistency in relation to its ability to perforate.
IPM’s laser cluster material treatment, perforation technology
IPM’s laser cluster material treatment perforation technology LPM-1 is patent grant by DE102004001327 operates with quadruple Co2 or other laser types, beam inputs up to 4 Kilowatt to supply a high power twin level, vacuum operates multiplexer. High spins of quad laser beams generates up to 200 individual optical output channels to supply special made flexible hollow wave guide fiber HCW, HWG, fibre optics, to archive micro perforation rows cross moving web or static material, combines automatic positioned laser perforation heads, each with motor driven focus, web speeds up to 400 m/min, web widths up to 2,000 mm, up to 2,500,000 holes per second, jumbo roll-by-roll production, optical in-line permeability scanner control for perforation line position and quality, porosity feedback, hi-tech automation level and other features. Each laser micro perforation lines can archive 100 up to 1,000 C.U.
Super-high speed for Co2 laser beam control
Technologically performed of Piezo oscillators or ultra-high scan speeds up to 4,000 Hz or 240,000 rpm with commercial air-bearing motors.
REAL galvanometer scanner alternatives, precise laser beam deflection up to 4 Kilowatt Co2 by high dynamic performances.
From 8 up to 15mm laser beam aperture diameter, advantage beam quality factor M2 less than 0.9 for focus spots down to 60 micron.
Absolute diffraction limits, because small focused spot sizes which are proportional inversely of laser beam input diameter.
In other words, larger laser beam apertures will produce smaller focused spot sizes, as especially needed for micro cluster perforation, drilling and other micro machining applications.
Spin actuator with special optical coating, optimized outer shape, very precise rotation balance by inner body laser ablation, hollow body with inner cavities by low mass material condition, excellent relation of stiffness-to-weight, high hardness, adapted total vibration free vacuum cylinder case, asymmetrically rotary reflection cones from 40 up to 80mm base diameter, average mirror surface roughness lower as 0.1 micron, form accuracy lower 0.01 micron, operation sequences are precise synchronize with material speed.
Envelope curves of the selected perforation pattern are storage and calculated by PLC control before single holes and holes groups supervised during production processes.
Product process advantages enable total different product indicators and milestones against other laser perforation or material treatment processes which allows significant product property, trademark indications, patent claims, unique company features in micro perforation of tipping, cigarette packaging or other paper or material.
E.g. wide range of laser perforation groups as common active ventilation zone to obtain several advances in air stream distributions into cigarette filter, perfect perforation line guiding around cigarette filters or other food, domestic, industry products to assure constant porosity results.
Several pattern or wave line design for different brands, number of holes or pattern with 10 or 20 per cm length are constant, porosity range from 100 up to 1,000 C.U., holes sizes from 60 up to 120 micron, holes densities from 100,000 up to 500,000 holes per second in total.
From 1 up 6 perforation pattern, lines, marks or scripts can combines a group, perforation hole, pattern quality or porosity remains in standard levels.
Other web material, substrate or products are treatable in similar processes, existent laser perforation, treatment machines are able to modify with new optical, micro mechanical and control elements.
Low investment and finance budget of technical modifications because exchanges of certain elements, complete devices are adaptable on existent off-line perforation machines or other laser treatment handling systems.
Capability to adapt beam divert devices or units at on-line perforation system at cigarette making machines up 12,000cpm.
Outstanding product applications
For web or sheet material, metal, isolation, foil, film, plastic, substrate, leather, textile and paper enables now large number of possibilities for micro hole position, different pattern, design, wave, zigzag, cryptograms, scripts, marking, scribing, scratching, tear off lines or others which generates. E.g. optimize air distribution characteristics into cigarette filters, unique anti counterfeit piracy indication and not countable product advantages.
Special remark creates fundamentally new product properties, e.g. as final products for mouthpieces with tipping paper at cigarettes or other tobacco, packaging, security products, flip off or hinge-lid packs.
Specific indication of brand names to recognizable for everyone and even for product buyers, if micro design, holes, patterns, holograms are to see with magnified views only.
Or sensitive touch able as Braille scripts generated by micro cluster cryptograms or holograms.
MLL-1 targets many existent and new applications with high speed scans of laser beam divert in horizontal or vertical position.
Sophisticated ultra high speed spins optical divert elements allows low budget modifications at existent systems and production machines.
Micro-Laser-Line technology means real alternative for high speed galvanometer scanner to archive micro cluster perforation, pattern design, waves, zigzag, packages line, cryptogram, company logo, hologram, anti counterfeit piracy contours for security paper, safety, bank notes, cards, metal sticker, printing, laminating, coating, fruit, food, bread, vegetable, agriculture covering, transparent films, plastic sheets, holographic paper, cigarette, tipping, filter, aluminum foil, shrinkable film, tear tapes, label, cardboard, matrix, marking, scribing, automotive, pharmacy, smoking, chemical or medical products, electronics part, chips, indicators, writing contours or profiles, embossing or holographic. The patent of devise, process and product properties are pending as DE102004012081.
Other industry fields
The conception of high power twin level laser beam multiplexer enables plenty options in other industry application fields as cutting, cut-off, welding, surface finishing, drilling, ablation, cleaning, micromachining, polishing, forming, melting, surface treatment, roughness improvement. Each of 200 single laser beam and coupled flexible hollow fiber wave guides HWG HCW up to 3,000 mm length allows treatment processes or perforation heads for precise, compact, robotic positioning in X/Y direction of running web or static placed sheet material.
Automatic PLC controlled processes, equipments and devices enables now outstanding possibilities in industry, metal, plastic, domestic, tobacco product, medical, hygienic, wall covering, security cards, bank notes or food application.
LPM-1 means cluster material treatment at wide web, large area, surface or whole material treatment, high power twin or quad rotation laser beam splitter, mirror into a vacuum twin level multiplexer, Co2, YAG, Fiber, Excimer, UV laser with multiple optical inputs, flexible hollow fiber, HCW, HWG up to 200 output channels. Material treatment and robotic handling for stainless steel, ceramic, aluminum, wafer, glass, ceramic, brass, copper, wafer, silicon, plastic sheets, titanium, jewelry, silicon, solar, panel, photovoltaic, micromachining, slitting, rewinding, refining, hybrid laser cutting machines or stand along systems.
Ultra high-speed rotate octagonal beam splitter
IGBT dual power, medium frequency, high voltage switching converter
Patent grant DE10328937 DE10328937
On a high level operate engineering company develops a dual, high power, high frequency switching unit which works with hybrid drives, compact EMI safe semiconductor stages, supporting capacitors, high voltage ferrite transformers to generate HV short pulses and sparking groups. Advantages are based on uses of standard circuits with extended semiconductors for e.g. nano, sub or micro perforation applications, corona treatments etc.
Industry application of electrostatic perforation for fast running paper webs using IGBT, MOSFET or HVFET semiconductor power stages. These circuits working as upward converters with power pulses in ranges from 5 up to 25 micron second and high current peaks up to 300 Amps on a serial connected inductivity and loading capacity that the secondary ferrite transformer coils supply sparking electrodes up to 50 Kilovolt.
The circuit works itself with alternating clock frequencies and changes of pulse widths a common load condenser and coupled primary inductance of a ferrite high voltage transformer as upward power/pulse converter and non resonance frequency operation.
A safety circuit logic and two hybrid drivers allows a alternately switching of semiconductor A and B which generating higher operation frequencies and power levels meanwhile the electrical and thermal conditions remains on each in the same range as a single switching unit.
A control pulse timing into a certain time window with a constant or variable frequency generating hole sizes and hole sequences with high voltage sparking through the material webs by nano or micro perforation. The repeating frequencies of the entire circuit can up to the double switching frequency as of each semiconductor stage.
A changeable current in the spark channel are feasible with total switching frequencies up to 150 kHz. And in the same time the dual semiconductor switching unit allows a double power level as just only with one switching element is possible.
Dual IGBT, BJT, HVFET or MOSFET semiconductors in high power, high current, high voltage circuits obtain in electrostatic sub micro perforation, corona treatment or other switching application frequencies up to 250 KHz, power level up to 30 Kilowatt and more. Higher power efficiencies and harder switching periods are further advantages.
In conclusion the approximately double frequency and power level operation obtains higher switching efficiencies, much more perforation power or higher corona treatment levels which are depend of the industry application.
Electrostatic perforation processes and machines, corona treatment, surface treatment, high power switching devices, power supplies, AC&DC and other switching converter systems, drives, etc.
Fine paper, cigarette, packaging or other fine paper industries, corona system manufacture, switching device manufacture, high-power converter equipment, AC/DC, DC/AC industry etc.
The new dual semiconductor circuit design allows applications to build hybrid drives, semiconductor high-level stage, upward, downward or other converters or generators which operating with supporting capacitors, high-voltage ferrite transformers in an extremely compact and modular design. Several advantages are the high efficiency of pulse/power transmission and energy ratios.
Traditional corona or other type of medium generators up to 30 KHz operation ranges are easy to modify to a double frequency and power levels operation.
In-situ dyne surface tension wettability measurement at fast moving plastic films, foils or other substrates
patent download http://www.microperforation.com/englishengineerreport.html
Patent application DE19543289
Described is a method and device for optical inline tough less surface tension control ODSTM-1 by which the fast moving substrate runs through the measuring gap. It’s transmitted with a chromatic beam and spectral selected light source were two optical channels are displaced and polarized by 90 degree to each other. Both optical axles are precise and motor driven shift able in certain angles from 25 up to 65 degree. The spectral light photons, transmission, extinction, absorption grades are detectable by two optical CCD imagine vision devices which are integrate in the sensor case on the other side of the substrate.
Moving substrates means plastic foils, flexible, high-tech films, laminate, coating, bonding, labeling, co-extrusion, BOPP, LDPE, LLDPE, HDPE, MDPE, MAS, MEV, PET, FEP, PP, PE, PS, PO, EVA, PTFE, PVC, PTFE, DPC, BOPS, Vinyl, Polyester, Wrapping, Olefin, self-adhesive tape, high strength, cross-laminated, adhesive-coated films, reflective or magnetic sheeting, automotive tape products, inkjet media, Polythylenex, heat sealing, sewing of plastic film, pressure sensitive tapes for the entertainment industry, graphic and specialty arts for general industrial and electrical applications, building or engineering industry, photographs, masking or printable plastic films, flat or corrugated rigid foamed thermoplastic sheets, polycarbonate, acrylic, PETG.
Extruded or polished cellulose, optical grade polycarbonate, sheets for IR or laser protection, welding filter grade sheets, films for video, imaging, capacitor or thermo transfer applications, foamed polypropylene film with decorative ribbons, binary-oriented polystyrene sheets, multi layer co-extruded film, high impact PVC and PETG, polyimide film, tape and flat films for aerospace automotive medical agriculture marine automotive household commercial domestic construction industry, municipal and leisure applications, clear matt semi-matt finishes or colored, micro-porous membranes for use in alkaline lithium batteries, fuel cells and filtration equipment. By gauges from 10 to 100 micron fabric width up to 10,000mm and web speeds up to 18 meters per second.
Material specific wavelength selection between 1,200 up to 1,800 nm, material specific finger prints, molecular spectral properties, transmission grades, optical angle scanning, Lambert Beersche law determining, ultra low level stray scatter light detection, polarization, slot diaphragms, transverse displacements control the light beams along/far from the optical X and Y axes. The results are extreme scattering, diffraction, NIR, IR, stray light photons generation into the layer areas at both sides of the moving substrate.
Their reflected and transmitted light intensities enables the determination by defined formulas and data matrixes the surface tension values in ranges from 28 up to 62 mN/m which are direct associate and bond to real static values for Statistical Quality Control (SQC).
And this entirely independent of the material specific influences as like surface consistency, thickness, density, weight, opacity, coherence, filling, stretching, shrinkage, structure, co-extrusion, polar grouping, temperature, intrinsic motivation or viscosity, hydrophobia, hydrophilic molecules, hydrogen, photonics, mol mass, moisture, water steam proof, bi-layer, polymer, patterning, nanostructure, irradiation, isotopic, catalyst, multi atomic, coherence, absorption, photo mask effect, roentgen, X-ray, radiation, resonance bands, REM, TEM, FIC, IEC, ESCA electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis ASTM or ATR method, property, ellipsometry, opto-acoustic photonic liquid effects, pre material treatment as corona, plasma, flam treatment.
Specific information by website links and patent resources.
The former patent application DE19542289 A1 concerns a method and device for optical dynamic, i.e. a non-contact, inline surface-tension / surface-energy measurement for running substrates whereby the detection can be in the transverse-direction or in the running-direction of the web.
In the context of this invention, running substrates or moved web material is to be especially understood as being plastic films like PE, PP, LDPE, HDPE, LLDPE, BOPP, EVOH, PTFE, PET, PS, PMMA, PBMA, PVC, PA and also laminated or coated film or paper webs which still show a measurable optical transmission in the wavelength range of 1,200 to 2,200 nm.
A higher material wetting capacity, respectively, a higher material adhesion capacity, which can be achieved by increasing the surface tension, is demanded in many application cases for better printability, coatability or adherence capacity during the manufacture, finishing, printing and processing of running substrate webs.
Described is a method and device for optical dynamic in-line surface-tension measurement in ranges from 30 dynes up to 60 dynes in which a substrate web running vertically through a measuring gap is subjected to a chromatic light transmission from two optical channels displaced by 90° to each other. This light transmission is detectable by two optical detection systems located on the other side of the web.
Material specific wavelength selection, light transmission angle changes, polarisation slot diaphragms and transverse displacements of the light beam feeder along the optical X-axis result in extreme scattering and diffraction of the IR light photons in the boundary layer area on both sides of the sub-nano layer within the substrate web. Their transmitted light intensity enables, after detection and evaluation, the determination of a direct relationship to the absolute surface tension.
And this entirely independent of the material-specific influences like: material and surface consistency, crystallinity, thickness, density, structure, polar grouping, temperature and type of pre-treatment.
Non-contact, real time and in-line operation surface-tension or surface-energy dyne - measuring systems for running webs as like plastic films in general, coatings, laminates etc. does not exist world-wide. Due to the broad application field of surface-treated or surface-non-treated webs of plastic film, non-woven fabric, laminates or coated paper, there is unimaginable market potential here in respect of the in-line process measuring of the surface tension - dynes - and an in-line control of the dynes treatment level and moderate quality control.
Various companies from
the abroad are serious interested in project cooperation, system development,
prototype making and testing, manufacturing and world-wide sales, system
purchasing and licensing in respect of the ODSTM-1 Process Measuring System.
Actual projects situation of the ODSTM-1 development project
Further information concerning publications, patents and engineering reports are specified in the above mentioned applications. Several spectral measurements as well the feasibility study with well known optical institutes are positive done. Furthermore some significant modifications and breakthrough of the base ODSTM-1 measuring process with the using of state-of-the-art monolithic spectrometers and PC support. Specific information about the actual development and project status of the ODSTM-1 system on request.
Concerning actual ODSTM-1 development and project status – after certain developments
Base data of Opto
Dynamic Surface-Tension Measuring system ODSTM-1
· web widths : up to 6,000 mm
· web speeds : up to 600 m/min
· substrates : PE, PP, HDPE, LDPE, PET, EVA, BOPP, etc.
· surface-tension measuring range : 30 - 55 mNm
· resolution, respectively, reproduction : +/- 0.5 mNm
· single-sided or double-sided measurement of the treated or untreated sides of the film
· IR wavelength range : 1,200 nm - 1,800 nm
· mode of operation : dual scattered-light/multiple-sensor system with variable wavelengths in transmission mode
· measuring method : similar to ellipsometry
· measuring gap : approx. 5 up to 20 mm
· stationary and/or web-traversing measuring head
· optical fibre waveguide feed to measuring head system
· spatially remote, highly-stable IR light source with beam processing
· wavelength variation via a monolithic optical converter
· industrial PC, multiple-processor system, data recording, data analysis, product documentation, statistics, etc.
· actual-value output : analogue 0 - 10 Volt via optical fibre or serial RS232, RS485, Ethernet, USB, etc.
Described is a method and device for opto dynamic inline surface tension measurement in which a substrate web running vertically through a measuring gap is subjected to a chromatic light transmission from two opto channels displaced by 90° to each other. This light transmission is detectable by two optical detection systems located on the other side of the web. Material-specific wavelength selection, light transmission angle changes, polarization slot diaphragms and transverse displacements of the light beam feeder along the optical X-axis result in extreme scattering and diffraction of the IR light photons in the boundary layer area on both sides of the sub-nano layer within the substrate web. Their transmitted light intensity enables, after detection and evaluation, the determination of a direct relationship to the absolute surface tension. And this entirely independent of the material-specific influences like: material and surface consistency, crystallinity, thickness, density, structure, polar grouping, temperature and type of pre-treatment.
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